Air Coils Inductors, Spring Coils(TCAC)
Single Layer Coils Structure (TCAC)Thumbnail Gallery
Token will do any custom coil windings of Air Coils (Spring Coils) for you. Token manufactures all types of air coil inductors. Air Core Coils' another name is Spring Coils. Token's Air Core Coil (TCAC) Series has advantages of free from iron losses, non-linearity, single layer coils structure, low self-capacitance, and self-resonant frequency.
TCAC's inductance is unaffected by the current it carries. This contrasts with the situation with coils using ferromagnetic cores whose inductance tends to reach a peak at moderate field strengths before dropping towards zero as saturation approaches. Sometimes non-linearity in the magnetization curve can be tolerated; for example in switching converters. In circuits such as audio cross over networks in Hi-Fi speaker systems you must avoid distortion; then you need an air core coil. Most radio transmitters rely on air coils to prevent the production of harmonics.
Token's (TCAC) Series is custom coil windings. Please call Token Sales for your requirements to have high quality work at a reasonable tooling cost and low cost volume production.
- High Q values
- High frequency
- Set up box, CATV & Electronic Products.
Note: Design as Customer's Requested Specifications.
Single layer coil winding formula Methods and Increasing Q Factor
The following single layer air core coil formula is most accurate when the coil length is greater than 0.67r and the frequency is less than 10 MHz. As the frequency goes above 10MHz, the formula becomes less accurate, because parasitics dominate the circuit. In all cases, the length is 4 times the radius.
Formula in Inch Units: L = r2N2 / (9r + 10A); N = (L(9r + 10A) / r2)1/2
Formula in Metric Units: L = 0.394r2N2 / (9r + 10A); N = (L(9r + 10A) / 0.394r2)1/2 Where:
- L = inductance (in microhenries).
- r = radius of coil (in inches or cm).
- N = number of turns.
- A = length of winding (in inches or cm).
The Q or Quality Factor of an inductor is the ratio of its inductive reactance XL to its series resistance RS. The larger the ratio, the better the inductor.
Formula: Q = XL / RS, Where:
- XL = 2πƒL. where ƒ = Frequency (Hz); L = Inductance in Henries.
- RS is determined by multiplying the length of the wire used to wind the coil by the D.C. resistance per unit length for the wire gage used.
- Q changes dramatically as a function of frequency.
- At lower frequencies, Q is very good because only the D.C. resistance of the windings has an effect which is very low.
- As frequency goes up, Q will increase up to about the point where the skin effect and the combined distributed capacitances begin to dominate.
- From then on, Q falls rapidly and becomes 0 at the self resonance frequency of the coil.
Increasing Q of Inductors:
- Spread the windings. Air gaps between the windings decrease the distributed capacitances.
- Use a ferrite core or powdered iron to wind the coil on. This will increase the permeability of the space around the core.
- Decrease the series resistance of the windings by increasing the wire gage used. Larger wire has a lower resistance per unit length.
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